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“Treaty of Nonaggression between Germany and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.” http:///lawweb/avalon/nazsov/. Part of “The Avalon Project at the Yale Law School.” The secret protocol to the Nazi-Soviet Pact is the next document on the Web site.
German military planners also researched Napoleon's failed invasion of Russia . In their calculations, they concluded that there was little danger of a large-scale retreat of the Red Army into the Russian interior, as it could not afford to give up the Baltic states, Ukraine, or the Moscow and Leningrad regions, all of which were vital to the Red Army for supply reasons and would thus have to be defended.  Hitler and his generals disagreed on where Germany should focus its energy.   Hitler, in many discussions with his generals, repeated his order of "Leningrad first, the Donbass second, Moscow third";  but he consistently emphasized the destruction of the Red Army over the achievement of specific terrain objectives.  Hitler believed Moscow to be of "no great importance" in the defeat of the Soviet Union [g] and instead believed victory would come with the destruction of the Red Army west of the capital, especially west of the Western Dvina and Dnieper rivers, and this pervaded the plan for Barbarossa.   This belief later led to disputes between Hitler and several German senior officers, including Heinz Guderian , Gerhard Engel , Fedor von Bock and Franz Halder , who believed the decisive victory could only be delivered at Moscow.  Hitler had grown overconfident in his own military judgment as a result of the rapid successes in Western Europe.